General surgery requires physicians to have broad knowledge of anatomy and physiology as well as disease pathology and the soft tissue healing process. Additional training in preoperative and postoperative care is also essential for the education of a general surgeon. Each of these medical professionals undergoes a minimum of five years of intensive surgical training. Board certification in speciality areas of surgery is another important step in the career of a surgeon. General surgeons also invest in continuing education as related medical technology continues to evolve.